Planet Name Class Diametre (km) Position Moons Gravity Day (hrs.) Atmosphere Climate Industry
Mars M 6,650 IV 2 0.38G 24.6 Thin Desert Shipbuilding
Mars - Class M - United Federation of Planets

Location: Sol system/Alpha Quadrant

Classification: Class M ( Terraformed), previously Class K

Affiliation: Confederated Martian Colonies (2105) - United Federation of Planets (2161)

Location: Sol system

Moon(s): Two; Phobos Deimos

Dominant Species: Human various

Population: 133.8 Million

Capital: Ares City

Gravity: 0.38 standard

Diameter: 6,790 km

Length of day: 24 hours 37 minutes

Mars was named after the Roman god of war from Earth's mythology.

Overview
Technological breakthroughs made after first contact with the Vulcans made terraforming Mars much more feasible and warming the planet was accomplished in a fraction of the time 21st century scientists had predicted. Water and oxygen were liberated from the subterranean permafrost and genetically engineered bacteria were introduced into the terrain. This began the terraforming process. There were colonists on Mars as early as 2103, but they needed atmospheric suits in order to breathe outside a biosphere. Not quite one hundred years after that, Mars possessed a breathable atmosphere. The earliest colonists utilized local Martian resources to build habitable structures, including basaltic regolith. Refined and mixed with water, it forms a crude concrete. This process was far more efficient than trying to bring building materials from Earth. In spite of undergoing the process of terraforming as early as the 22nd century, by the 24th century water covered only 10% of the surface of Mars. Most of it was concentrated in small fresh water lakes which were the result of impact craters. As of 2350 the atmosphere of Mars was fully breathable by Humans, although ultra violet radiation from the sun still required some measure of protection before stepping out onto the surface.

History
The first humans to walk on Mars were an international team of astronauts sometime after 2009. A crucial member of the team was The Core.

Mars was one of the first planets colonized by Human race who began their efforts in 2103. It became the first fully established colony of United Earth. Colonization of the planet involved a primitive form of terraforming that involved Zubrin craters where each transparent nanoplastic membranes being placed around each crater on the surface whereupon an alteration of each few thousand hectares of lands biosphere. Thus, an attempt was made to terraform the world; one crater at a time. To oversee the development process of Mars surface, Earth awarded a license to a business body known as the Consortium that handled the terraforming and development of the planet.

In the purges that followed the Eugenics Wars, many of the offspring of Khan Noonien Singh's augmented followers secretly resettled areas like Mars, Alaska, Luna, and the Sahara Reclamation Zone, where life was hard enough to ensure few people asked probing questions.

Among those that migrated to Mars included the southwestern Native American tribes who refused to surrender their sovereignity to the United Earth government. These groups formed their own tribal nations on Mars such as the Hopi-Pueblo who settled on the planet by 2109.

Within just a few years, however, a general uprising known as the War of Martian Independence occurred in support of Martian sovereignty. The incident brought about the destruction of Gundersdotter's Dome and the assassination of Rayla Gundersdotter by Consortium militiamen with the business organization having its license revoked. This movement culminated with the drafting of the Fundamental Declarations of the Martian Colonies, which became one of the most important documents addressing individual rights in Federation history and in the independence of the Martian colonies and establishment of the Confederated Martian Colonies with the Assembly of the Martian Colonies being its ruling body. Despite this being the case, the Martian Colonies became little more than a political satelite of the United Earth government and was considered less important compared to Alpha Centauri III and Earth which had much larger populations on their surface.

In 2155, Mars was the site of the Verteron Array, a powerful device designed to keep asteroids and other planetoids away from Earth and other important locales in the Sol System. That year, the anti-alien terrorist group known as Terra Prime attempted to hijack the array to destroy the headquarters complex of the United Earth Starfleet in order to force all non-Humans out of the Sol System. The attempt failed with the intervention of the crew of Enterprise (NX-01). As part of Humans' colonization efforts, Mars was in the process of being terraformed in the mid-22nd century, by redirecting comets to impact the planet and release their frozen gases into the thin Martian atmosphere.

In the early stages of the Earth-Romulan War, there were many fears that the Romulan Star Empire would strike at Mars. Mars was the location of the city of Utopia Planitia, and Starfleet's Utopia Planitia Fleet Yards. In 2161, the Confederated Martian Colonies became one of the first states to join the United Federation of Planets after its founding. Beginning on reference stardate 1/9010, the Mars shipyards were a major contributor of ships to the growing numbers of Loknar-class frigates entering service. The Martian Federation Councillor was among those being brief about the Genesis Device in 2286. In 2376, Mars was listed as the host location of a marathon.

Due to its similarity with Earth, scientists believed it might hold life as well. In the early years of space exploration, various theories and projects were made to justify this. Eventually, scientists from Earth discovered microscopic evidence of ancient life on Mars in 1996. Larger fossils were discovered later on.

In 1997 the NASA rover Sojourner became the first craft to explore Mars; the location later became a Mars Heritage Site.

In 2032, a manned Earth mission to Mars, the Ares IV, took place under the command of Lieutenant John Kelly.

The Martian colonies were established in 2103. Having been completed in 2012, the Millennium Gate served as a model for the first colony on the red planet. It pioneered many new technologies and scientific principles like a coverage by highly-reflective solar panels and being constructed as a self-contained biosphere.

In 2269, James T. Kirk argued in favor of having Sargon and his companions take over the bodies of the crew, and emphasized the benefits that it might possibly have on mankind, he explained, "they used to say if man could fly, he'd have wings. But he did fly. He discovered he had to. Do you wish that the first Apollo mission hadn't reached the moon or that we hadn't gone on to Mars or the nearest star?"

In 2372, Captain Benjamin Sisko and Constable Odo planned for Joseph Sisko and Jake Sisko to take a transport to Mars to avoid being caught in Admiral Leyton's coup d'etat.

In 2376, Lieutenant Tom Paris mentioned that one of his ancestors flew the first orbital glider over the lower Martian plateau.

Geography
Bodies of Water
Lake Lyot
Lake Cassini
Mie Lake
Lake Huygens
Lake Lowell
Copernicus Lake
Lake Phillips
Hershel Lake
Mapler Lake
Apallinaris Lake

Settlements
Ares City
Bradbury City
Bradbury Township
Endurance
Fort Kiley
Fort Lincoln
Gundersdotter's Dome
Martian Colony 3
New Chicago
New Venice
Utopia Planitia
Valles Marineris
Wells City
New Clinton
Phillipstown
Nova Ares
Burroughs City

Points of Interest
Bradbury Spaceport
Endurance University
McKay University
Thermal Station Alpha
Thermal Station Beta
University of Mars

Political
As the first Human colony on Mars was established in 2103, the Fundamental Declarations of the Martian colonies were an important step in the pursuit of individual rights. Among the first colonists were relatives of Jean-Luc Picard. Utopia Planitia was established along with the Utopia Planitia Fleet Yards in geosynchronous orbit above, where many famous vessels including the USS Enterprise-D, the USS Voyager, and the USS Defiant were built. Mars was also an important part in the defense of the Sol system and the location of the Mars Defense Perimeter.

Terraforming
Mars was the first planet to be terraformed by Humans. Colonists originally dwelt within domed cities while the verteron array was used to redirect comets and asteroids towards the Red Planet to impact in the polar caps. This freed carbon dioxide and released it into the atmosphere, increasing the planet's temperature and water volume. By 2155, conditions in the lowlands of the Martian surface were sufficiently altered to allow Humans to roam freely without heavy environmental suits (though one would still have to dress warmly for the near-arctic surface temperatures).

Utopia Planitia Shipyards over Mars

This page and all contents ©2009 Owen E. Oulton